1. Cryptography And Network Security Principles And Practices
Prashant singh, Pratik kr. Sharma, Tanuj kr. Aggarwal
The field of network and Internet security consists of measures to deter, prevent, detect, and correct security violations that involve the transmission of information. That is a broad statement that covers a host of possibilities. To give you a feel for the areas covered in this paper, consider the following examples of security violations:
1. User A transmits a file to user B. The file contains sensitive information (e.g., payroll records) that is to be protected from disclosure. User C, who is not authorized to read the file, is able to monitor the transmission and capture a copy of the file during its transmission.This book focuses on two broad areas: cryptographic algorithms and protocols, which have a broad range of applications; and network and Internet security, which rely heavily on cryptographic techniques.
Cryptographic algorithms and protocols can be grouped into four main areas:
• Symmetric encryption: Used to conceal the contents of blocks or streams of data of any size, including messages, files, encryption keys, and passwords.
• Asymmetric encryption: Used to conceal small blocks of data, such as encryption keys and hash function values, which are used in digital signatures.
• Data integrity algorithms: Used to protect blocks of data, such as messages, from alteration.
• Authentication protocols: These are schemes based on the use of cryptographicalgorithms designed to authenticate the identity of entities.
Computer and network security can be described as the protection afforded to an automated information system in order to attain the applicable objectives of preserving the integrity, availability, and confidentiality of information system resources (includes hardware, software, firmware, information/ data, and telecommunications).
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